How fast can you react?

12-14 15-17

1 - 10 min

### Subject

Life Sciences, Mathematics

### Developing Skills

working collaboratively, measurement

Indoors

### What you need

• Ruler (metre stick)
• 2 people

### What to do!

1. Person 1 should hold the ruler vertically at the top end between their thumb and index finger. The ruler should be held away from the body.
2. The person who wishes to test their reflexes (person 2) should put his/her thumb and index finger around the ruler at the bottom end (the 0 mark) but not touch it.
3. Person 1 drops the ruler without warning.
4. Person 2 tries to catch the ruler where it is caught.
5. Repeat at least 3 times and get the average of the three measurements where the ruler was caught.
6. The distance (cm) the ruler falls before being caught (if at all), is a measure of their reflexes. Check the chart to see how fast you reacted.

TableRelationship of Catch Distance to Reflex Time

Distance (cm)Time (milliseconds)
1 45
2 64
3 78
4 90
5 101
6 111
7 120
8 128
9 136
10 143
11 150
12 156
13 163
14 169
15 175
16 181
17 186
18 192
19 197
20 202
Distance (cm)Time (milliseconds)
21 207
22 212
23 217
24 221
25 226
26 230
27 235
28 239
29 243
30 247
31 252
32 256
33 260
34 263
35 267
36 271
37 275
38 278
39 282
40 286

### Discovery

#### What’s happening?

Reaction time is a measure of how quickly an organism responds to some sort of stimulus – a change in the environment that an organism reacts to. You also have "reflexes" too. Reflexes and reactions may seem similar but they are actually quite different. A Reflex is an involuntary response that the body uses to protect itself. A reflex is faster than a reaction. The classic example of a reflex test is one you may have experienced at your doctor's office, when the doctor hits you with a small rubber mallet just below the knee. This called the patellar reflex.

The time it takes from when your eye first notices the ball to when your arm reaches up to catch the ball is an example of reaction time. Even though stimuli travel very quickly along your nervous system as messages, your body doesn’t react instantly. Many athletes spend hours practicing to improve their reaction time.

#### Why does it matter?

This experiment tested reaction time and voluntary movement. However, there are reactions known as simple reflexes that are involuntary movements produced by the body in response to certain stimuli. Some of these reflexes are simple things like blinking. Other reflexes can be more complicated such as the withdrawal reflex. An example of the withdrawal reflex is when someone touches something hot and immediately pulls their hand away. Reflexes can prevent serious injury. Reaction time and reflexes can be very important to athletes, especially goalies trying to block pucks and baseball players trying to hit balls. Some sports rely more on reflexes than others, and different sports rely on different reflexes.

#### Investigate further!

• Try the ruler drop test multiple times – can you improve your reaction time?
• Test with multiple people to see if you can find a correlation between reaction time and other factors (examples: height, age, interest in sports, etc.)