This strategy helps students think more deeply during text-based discussions.
Why use it?
- To make connections after reading a text
- To organize learning after reading a text
- To encourage critical thinking about ideas raised in a text
- To provide structure in group discussions
Tips for success
- Encourage students to record their own thoughts on The 4C’s Recording Sheet reproducible before sharing with their group. This helps students clarify their thinking before sharing.
- Discuss examples of responses to each type of prompt before using this strategy for the first time.
How do I use it?
- After reading a text, students sit in pairs or small groups.
- Give each student a copy of the 4C’s Recording Sheet Reproducible.
- Students record their own answers to the following prompts.
- Connections: What does this text remind you of in your own life or other parts of your learning?
- Challenge: What ideas or assumptions do you want to challenge in the text?
- Concepts: What important ideas do you need to hold on to from this text?
- Changes: How does this text change your thinking or actions you may be considering?
- Students discuss each prompt with their small group.
- After they’ve finished, students share key points back with the whole class.
- Students could record their answers to the prompts on sticky notes and place them on a sheet of chart paper. In a virtual setting, students could use a virtual board such as Jamboard.
- The questions for each of the C’s can be adjusted based on your specific content or area of focus.
- Differentiation suggestion: provide sentence stem options for each prompt to students who need additional support.
- Encourage students to identify places in the text that support their answers to each of these prompts.