Heat and Energy

Resources

Radiation shielding garment on the International Space Station

Radiation and Human Space Exploration

One of the greatest hazards that humans in space face is cosmic radiation. Learn what cosmic radiation is, why it's dangerous, and ways that we are looking at protecting humans in deep space.
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Radiation and Human Space Exploration

General Motors Place

Keeping the Rink on Ice

Learn about the chemistry of ice skating rinks, and the technology & engineering that lets us enjoy them indoors as well as outside.
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Keeping the Rink on Ice

Hot sunrise in space

Temperature: On Earth and on the Space Station

This backgrounder explains what temperature is, how it is measured, how it affects people, and how it is controlled on the International Space Station.
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Temperature: On Earth and on the Space Station

International Space Station in the rays of the Sun

Temperature on Earth and on the ISS

Temperature is an important part of life on Earth and life in space. This backgrounder explains what temperature is, how it affects people and how it is controlled on the International Space Station.
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Temperature on Earth and on the ISS

Vintage light bulb

Introduction to Energy

Learn about energy in its different forms, in particular kinetic, potential and mechanical energy.
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Introduction to Energy

Is feeling always believing?

Is feeling always believing?

Get your hands cold for science and explore the topic of sensory adaptation.
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Is feeling always believing?

What causes ocean currents?

What causes ocean currents?

Create a model of ocean currents and learn how currents are formed.
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What causes ocean currents?

How much power is generated when climbing a set of stairs?

How much power is generated when climbing a set of stairs?

Put on your running shoes and sharpen your pencil! Investigate the mathematical connection between work and power in this hands-on activity.
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How much power is generated when climbing a set of stairs?

What is an exothermic reaction?

What is an exothermic reaction?

Things are heating up! Explore the temperature change that occurs in an exothermic reaction and the role of catalysts is this chemistry activity.
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What is an exothermic reaction?

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Why is it colder in the winter even though the Earth is closer to the Sun?

Learn why we have seasons in this hands on activity.
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Why is it colder in the winter even though the Earth is closer to the Sun?

A variety of lava lamps

Lava Lamps

Lava lamps are very interesting to look at. But they are also interesting examples of buoyancy, heat transfer and solubility!
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Lava Lamps

People playing ice hockey

Why Do Ice Rinks Stay Frozen?

Every ice rink is an example of molecular bonding and gas laws at work!
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Why Do Ice Rinks Stay Frozen?

A melting world-shaped glacier

What is Ocean Warming and Why Does It Matter?

Oceans absorb the greatest amount of solar radiation on Earth. Ocean warming can lead to glaciers melting and ocean acidification.
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What is Ocean Warming and Why Does It Matter?

Artist’s interpretation of astronaut in space

What are the Different Types of Radiation?

Learn about the different types of radiation, how they interact with atoms and how they can affect you.
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What are the Different Types of Radiation?

Polar bear and two cubs

How do animals stay warm in the winter?

Animals have some unique adaptations to stay warm. Discover what conduction of heat and insulation have to do with staying warm!
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How do animals stay warm in the winter?