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Plant Cells

Vegetables and fruits on display

Plant Pigments

Why are there so many colours of plants? Learn about plant pigments and their role in plants.

Seedling with sunlight

Light & Plants

Learn about the process of photosynthesis and how it is affected by light levels.

Labo de Heather McFarlane's

Heather E. McFarlane

Assistant Professor & Canada Research Chair in Plant Cell Biology

Heather R. McFarlane is an Assistant Professor & Canada Research Chair in Plant Cell Biology for the University of Toronto.
Tilia stem cross-section

Plant Cell Structures and Functions

Learn about the many different structures that make up plant cells as well as what differentiates plant cells from animal cells.

Water droplets on succulent leaves

How Do Plants Survive in the Desert?

Plants need to exchange gases and water with their environment as part of photosynthesis. Some plant cells have evolved specifically for this purpose.

DNA "unzipping"

How can I obtain a sample of DNA?

Be a biochemist! Learn how to extract DNA from an onion and find out what DNA looks like.

Massive algal bloom

Eutrophication: Why you should care about pond scum?

When fertilizers from agriculture get into lakes and rivers, big problems can result for aquatic ecosystems, food chains & webs!